Sowa Rigpa or the art of healing is one of the important five major fields of sciences such as arts and crafts, medicine, grammar, logic, and philosophy Like in the history of all the civilizations, Sowa Rigpa, or art of healing developed from the natural sources of healing to sustain our life. It is important to understand that we the human beings depend upon the nature of the five elements. In the early period, people discovered such remedies or healing methods to sustain life. For example: applying the residual from Chang or Tibetan beer on the swollen parts, drinking hot water for indigestion, using melted butter for bleeding and precious stones are used for protection. Based upon these methods, people discovered different therapies such as hot and cold fomentation, moxibustion, hot spring water, and using some herbs. Dream tellers, healers, spirit protectors, these pieces of knowledge were passed by the elder generation to their family members. During the pre-Buddhist era, the Bon tradition flourished in Tibet. Bon medical practice influenced and enriched the existing Tibetan medical knowledge and practice.
Buddha Shakyamuni (916-881B.C) :
During the teaching of Buddha at Varanasi, he thought the original texts on which the Tibetan doctor's studies are based, Ghyü Zhi ("The Four Medical Texts"), The Medicine Buddha is a manifestation of Buddha himself. Tibetan medical history, he is seen as the Healing Buddha, who taught the original Tibetan medicine The great physician Jeevaka, Buddha’s personal physician, and Asoka the great during the 3rd century propagated the teachings to the empire of India. Nagarjuna and other Indian Buddhist masters developed in the Indian Buddhist monastic universities. In the 7th century, these texts became known in Tibet where they have been integrated into the pre-existing Bön tradition. The Tibetan master Yuthog Yonten Gonpo (708-833), known as the founder of Tibetan medicine, expanded the system with medical knowledge from other countries such as India and China. This eventually led to what is now known as Tibetan medicine. In the 8th century, the Tibetan translator Master Vairochana translated the rGyu-shi.
Youthog Yonten Gompo